Mooney viscosity - measure of the resistance of raw or unvulcanized rubber to deformation, as measured in a Mooney viscometer. A steel disc is embedded in a heated rubber specimen and slowly rotated. The resistance to the shearing action of the disc is measured and expressed as a Mooney viscosity value. Viscosity increases with continued rotation, and the time required to produce a specified rise in Mooney viscosity is known as the Mooney scorch value, which is an indication of the tendency of a rubber mixture to cure, or vulcanize, prematurely during processing. See vulcanization.